# Determine the number of moles of compound in each of the following samples.? 4.50g H2O 471.6g Ba(OH)2 129.68g Fe3(PO4)2

Explanation:

To calculate the number of moles, we use the equation:

......(1)

• For 1: 4.50 g of water

Given mass of water = 4.50 g

Molar mass of water = 18 g/mol

Putting values in equation 1, we get:

Hence, the moles of given amount of water is 0.25 moles.

• For 2: 471.6 g of barium hydroxide

Given mass of barium hydroxide = 471.6 g

Molar mass of barium hydroxide = 171.34 g/mol

Putting values in equation 1, we get:

Hence, the moles of given amount of barium hydroxide is 2.75 moles.

• For 3: 129.68 g of iron phosphate

Given mass of iron phosphate = 129.68 g

Molar mass of iron phosphate = 150.82 g/mol

Putting values in equation 1, we get:

Hence, the moles of given amount of iron phosphate is 0.86 moles.

Answer: For the answer to the question above, we have to use this formula
moles equal mass divided by the molar mass

a) 4.50 g divided by the molar mass of water
molar mass of water = 2x1.0 + 1x16.0 = 18
4.50 g / 18.0 g per mole = 0.25 moles

b) 471.6 g / Molar mass of Ba(OH)2 = moles

c) 129.68 g / molar mass of Fe3(PO4)2 = moles

atoms of P in Mg3(PO4)2
2 atoms of P in each molecule of Mg3(PO4)2
247 g / molar mass of Mg3(PO4)2 = moles
moles of Mg3(PO4)2 x 6.022x10^23 = molecules of Mg3(PO4)2

## Related Questions

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If it has 2 or more non-metals as well as a metal
It is possible indeed for a compound to both have ionic and covalent bonds. One example is CaCO3. The type of bond between Ca2+ and CO3 2- is ionic, and the type of bond between C and O is covalent~

The venus fly trap is a plant that attracts insects and digests th This plant would best be classified as? A)Carnivore
B)Decomposer
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A real gas behaves least like an ideal gas under the conditions of (1) low temperature and low pressure
(2) low temperature and high pressure
(3) high temperature and low pressure
(4) high temperature and high pressure

Explanation:

A real gas behaves least like an ideal gas under the conditions of low temperature and high pressure.

This is because at low temperature and high pressure molecules of gas will have negligible kinetic energy and strong force of attraction. Thus, real gas will not behave like an ideal gas.

Whereas at high temperature and low pressure a real gas will behave like an ideal gas.

A real gas behaves least like an ideal gas under the conditions of .

Further Explanation:

An ideal gas is a hypothetical gas that is composed of a large number of randomly moving particles that are supposed to have perfectly elastic collisions among themselves. It is just a theoretical concept and practically no such gas exists. But gases tend to behave almost ideally at a higher temperature and lower pressure.

The expression for the ideal gas equation of gas is as follows:

…… (1)

Here,

P is the pressure of the gas.

V is the volume of gas.

T is the absolute temperature of gas.

n denotes the number of moles of gas.

R is the universal gas constant.

Real gas:

It is also known as non-ideal gas as it shows deviations from its ideal behavior. This is because of the interactions between the molecules. There exist intermolecular forces between the gas molecules that are absent in ideal gas. The behavior of ideal gases is studied by van der Waals equation, that is expressed as follows:

…… (2)

Here,

P is the pressure of real gas.

V is the volume of real gas.

T is the absolute temperature of real gas.

n is the number of moles of real gas.

R is the universal gas constant.

a and b are the constants for real gas.

At high temperature and low pressure, energy due to intermolecular forces becomes less important in comparison to the kinetic energy of particles. The size of molecules also becomes less significant than the empty space between the gas molecules. So real gases behave in a similar manner to ideal gases at high temperature and low pressure.

But at low temperature and high pressure, the kinetic energy of gas molecules is negligible and molecules will have negligible forces of attraction. So real gases will behave least like an ideal gas under such conditions.

1. Which statement is true for Boyle’s law: brainly.com/question/1158880

2. Calculation of volume of gas: brainly.com/question/3636135