# It’s cold outside and you decide to cook some pasta. As you boil the noodles, the kitchen window begins to fog up. Which processes are at work here?

Answer: Condensation-the process by which water vapor in the air is changed into liquid water.

## Related Questions

Why does a salt compound give off light (or a colored flame) when burned? 4. did lithium chloride and sodium chloride give off similar colors? why or why not? 5. explain what you think causes different compounds to give off different flame colors. 6. using your results, identify which substances you would put in a firework to delight a crowd of spectators?

3) Answer is: because elements have different emmision spectrum.

Emission spectrum of a chemical element is the spectrum of frequencies emitted due to an atom making a transition from a high energy state to a lower energy state. Each element's emission spectrum is unique.

4) Answer is: lithium chloride and sodium chloride do not have similar colors.

Lithium ion has red and sodium ion has yellow emission spectrum.

5) Answer is: because metals have valence electrons in different energy shells.

Each transition has a specific energy difference.

6) Answer is: salts of alkaline and earth alkaline metals.

For example barium chloride gives green light.

The salt compounds give off light due to their emission spectrum.

(4) , lithium chloride and sodium chloride do not give off similar colors because of the difference in their emission spectrum.

(5) Flame colors are characteristics of between the two levels, which is different for different elements.

(6) can be put in a firework.

Further explanation:

Electronic transition:

An electronic transition is a process that occurs when an electron undergoes emission or absorption from one energy level to another energy level.

When an electron undergoes a transition from lower energy level to the higher energy level then it requires energy to complete the process. This transition is an absorption process.

When an electron undergoes a transition from higher energy level to lower energy level then it emits energy to complete the process. This transition is an emission process.

The formula to calculate the difference between two energy levels of an atom is,

Where,

is the energy difference between two energy levels.

is Rydberg constant.

is the initial energy level of transition.

is the final energy level of transition.

The salt compound gives off the light because its electrons absorb energy and get excited to some higher energy level. But when it returns to the lower level, it emits energy in the form of light, resulting in emission spectrum.

(4) No, lithium chloride and sodium chloride do not give off similar colors. This is because both these compounds have different allowed energy levels for their respective electrons. Lithium ion shows a red emission spectrum while sodium ion shows yellow emission spectrum.

(5) Different elements have different allowed energy levels for electrons. When an atom is heated, it absorbs energy and reaches some higher energy level. When an electron jumps from higher energy level to lower energy level, it emits energy in form of light. The wavelength of light depends on the energy difference between the two levels, which is different for different elements, and therefore different elements show different flame colors.

(6) Salts of alkali and alkaline earth metals can be used in fireworks as these are highly electropositive metals and give off electrons so easily and bright colored flames are produced. For example, barium chloride gives off the green flame when burned.

1. Component of John Dalton’s atomic theory: brainly.com/question/2357175

2. Basis of investigation for the scientists: brainly.com/question/158048

Subject: Chemistry

Chapter: Atomic structure

Keywords: electronic transition, barium chloride, colored flames, alkali, alkaline earth metals, electropositive, emission, absorption, electrons, allowed energy levels, higher level, lower level.

A natural disaster caused a population of 4,695 organisms to migrate to a new habitat. A few generations after the disaster, it was observed that the new habitat didn’t support the survival of the species. The table shows the population of the species in the two habitats.

Original Habitat New Habitat
4,695 2,326

Based on the table, the population in the new habitat is about
_______percent of the original population.
(fill in the blank)

49.54%

Explanation:

Given parameters:

Number of organisms in original habitat = 4695

Number of organism in new habitat = 2326

Solution:

To find the percentage of the organisms in the new habitat that has migrated to the new habitat, we use the expression below:

% of the population in the new habitat = x 100

% of the population in the new habitat = x 100 = 49.54%

The population in the new habitat is about  49.54% percent of the original population.

Explanation:

Initial population of organisms in their original habitat,x = 4,695

Final population of organism in their new habitat after migration = y

y= 2,326

The percentage of population is new habitat is 49.54 % of the original population in original habitat.

A substance that decreases hand increases ph when it dissociates in water is called

A substance that decreases hand increases ph when it dissociates in water is called a base

A base is a substance containing (OH)- group (hydroxide group) in its formula. This means that when a base is dissociated in water, hydroxide group (OH)- will be released in the water which leads to the decrease in the concentration of the hydrogen and increases the pH.

On the other hand, an acid contains H+ in its formula. This means that when acid dissociates in water, hydrogen is releases, thus, increasing hydrogen concentration and decreasing pH value.

A radiator contains 10 quarts of fluid, 30% of which is antifreeze. how much fluid should be drained and replaced with pure antifreeze so that the new mixture is 40% antifreeze?